This report of the Organisation for Economic Co‐operation and Development has been prepared at  the  request  of  G20  Leaders  (Hangzhou  Summit  Communique,  4‐5  September  2016).  An  initial  prototype was prepared for the Third G20 Sherpa Meeting in Xiamen, China, 23‐25 June 2016.

This report is based on material from the OECD's Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 (with  data updates where available) and the forthcoming Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016.  The latter publication benefits from policy information gathered via the joint European Commission/  OECD International Survey on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP). 



  • Emerging players in the science landscape
  • Monitoring STI performance and progress
  • Funding long-term, higher-risk research
  • Innovation for global challenges
  • Enabling the Next Industrial Revolution
  • Addressing common challenges through international co-operation in science and innovation
  • Raising the quality of science
  • Promoting excellence
  • Nurturing talent and skills
  • Investing in scientists and engineers
  • Promoting student exchanges
  • Facilitating researcher mobility
  • Promoting collaboration in innovation among firms
  • Supporting business innovation
  • Empowering society with science and technology


  1. Argentina
  2. Australia
  3. Brazil
  4. Canada
  5. China
  6. France
  7. Germany
  8. India
  9. Indonesia
  10. Italy
  11. Japan
  12. Korea
  13. Mexico
  14. Russian Federation
  15. South Africa
  16. Turkey
  17. United Kingdom
  18. United States
  19. European Union
  20. Readers’ guide

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